How can DCV and VAV be compatible in both heating and cooling?

asked 2021-06-06 06:34:21 -0500

Keigo gravatar image

updated 2021-06-09 20:44:55 -0500

Has anyone been able to successfully implement CO2 based DCV in a VAV system, both in heating and cooling? I'm trying to model it with a simple single-zone, but I can't find the perfect settings. Any advice would be appreciated.

Here are IDF files (v9.4.0). Now I have 4 cases with different settings. The table below shows the setting differences for each case. Common settings are omitted in the table. Of course I set other classes that are necessary for DCV such as ZoneAirContaminantBalance and ZoneControl:ContaminantController.

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Case_A: I modelled it first, but the supply air (SA) flow rate was not variable. It's similar to this post.

Case_B: After much trial and error, I found that blank Design Specification Outdoor Air Object Name in AirTerminal:SingleDuct:VAV:Reheat made SA flow rate variable, but instead, DCV became ineffective when heating.

Case_C: When I removed Controller:MechanicalVentilation, DCV in winter was OK, but this time DCV was no longer working when cooling.

Case_D: I don't think it's the best setting, but it's the best I can do at the moment. DCV of Case_B in summer is OK, and the occupancy schedule of summer and winter is the same. So, I manually calculated the hourly OA fractions (= OA/Maximum SA) in one day that keep CO2 consentration to the setpoint(1000ppm) from the result of Case_B in summer. Then, I made the following schedule and put it into Minimum Air Flow Fraction Schedule Name in AirTerminal:SingleDuct:VAV:Reheat. The result looks OK at a glance, but it just forces SA and OA to vary enough to keep zone CO2 concentration 1000ppm. It is "pretended" correctness.

Schedule:Compact,
MinimumAirFlowFractionSchedule,  !- Name
Fraction,                !- Schedule Type Limits Name
Through: 12/31,          !- Field 1
For: AllDays,            !- Field 2
Until: 8:00,  0,         !- Field 4
Until: 9:00,  .35,       !- Field 6
Until: 10:00,  .45,      !- Field 8
Until: 11:00,  .43,      !- Field 10
Until: 12:00,  .34,      !- Field 12
Until: 13:00,  .18,      !- Field 14
Until: 14:00,  .34,      !- Field 16
Until: 18:00,  .43,      !- Field 18
Until: 19:00,  .22,      !- Field 20
Until: 21:00,  .05,      !- Field 22
Until: 24:00,  0;        !- Field 24

The charts below are the simulation results of all cases.

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