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DesignBuilder/E+: Is it possible to reduce the supply air flow rate of the VAV-system during night time (22.00 - 5.00) constantly to 60 %?

asked 2023-03-29 04:50:02 -0500

Maria1688's avatar

updated 2023-03-30 00:40:03 -0500

I have a VAV-system which blows in a constant amount of air with 21°C. I would like to reduce the supply air flow rate to 60 % during night time (22.00 - 5.00). I found out that the system can just be switched ON or OFF. It is also possible to set a setback temperature during night time, but this doesn´t solve my problem. I also tried to install a second VAV-System. So that there is one system operating during the day and one system operating during the night, which blows in a smaller amount of air. However, it is just possible to install one Air loop system to one zone. Is there any possibility to install two air loop systems in one zone?

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answered 2023-03-31 05:12:39 -0500

Jim Dirkes's avatar

I assign a schedule with values of 1.0 and .6 to the Air Distribution Unit. That should work!

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answered 2023-04-01 00:50:04 -0500

Keigo's avatar

updated 2023-04-02 02:27:18 -0500

You can change the airflow of your central fan by EMS. I modelled the EMS in the ExampleFile: VAVSingleDuctReheat_EMS.idf for reference. The revised idf file is here (V22-2-0). You can refer to it, especially the following part.

EnergyManagementSystem:Actuator,
    Fan_Mass_Flow_Rate,      !- Name
    Var Vol Supply Fan 1,    !- Actuated Component Unique Name
    Fan,                     !- Actuated Component Type
    Fan Air Mass Flow Rate;  !- Actuated Component Control Type

EnergyManagementSystem:ProgramCallingManager,
    EMSPCM_Fan_Flow_Change,  !- Name
    InsideHVACSystemIterationLoop,  !- EnergyPlus Model Calling Point
    EMSP_Fan_Flow_Change;    !- Program Name 1

EnergyManagementSystem:Program,
    EMSP_Fan_Flow_Change,    !- Name
    IF (Hour >= 22) || (Hour <= 5),  !- Program Line 1
    SET Fan_Mass_Flow_Rate = 1.3 * 1.17742603469114 * 0.6,  !- Program Line 2
    ELSE,                    !- A4
    SET Fan_Mass_Flow_Rate = 1.3 * 1.17742603469114,  !- A5
    ENDIF;                   !- A6

Output:EnergyManagementSystem,
    Verbose,                 !- Actuator Availability Dictionary Reporting
    Verbose,                 !- Internal Variable Availability Dictionary Reporting
    None;                    !- EMS Runtime Language Debug Output Level

You may need to read EMS Application Guide if you are not familiar with EMS. The quickest way without understanding EMS is that you should change

  1. Actuated Component Unique Name from "Var Vol Supply Fan 1" to the actual fan name in your model
  2. "1.3" to the actual fan Maximum Flow Rate [m3/s] in your model.

1.17742603469114 is the air density [kg/m3] for calculating Fan Air Mass Flow Rate for this ExampleFile. The standard air density at 20C and 1atm is 1.204kg/m3, but the air density is adjusted according to Elevation of Site:Location in EnergyPlus/DesignBuilder. Please refer to this post, but the R (Gas Constant) in the post might be slightly different from what EnergyPlus actually uses. I consider R = 287.00461429615 so that the Air Terminal VAV Damper Position is reduced to exactly 60%. Elevation of this ExampleFile is 190m, so the air density = 101325 * (1.0 − 190 * 0.0000225577)^5.2559 / (287.00461429615 * (20 + 273.15)) = 1.17742603469114 [kg/m3]

Output:EnergyManagementSystem helps output edd file which includes actuators available in your model.

At first, I tried to change airflow of each AirTerminal, but the following EMS did not work.

EnergyManagementSystem:Actuator,
    Zone_1_VAV_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate,  !- Name
    Zone 1 Reheat Air Outlet Node,  !- Actuated Component Unique Name
    System Node Setpoint,    !- Actuated Component Type
    Mass Flow Rate Maximum Available Setpoint;  !- Actuated Component Control Type

EnergyManagementSystem:Actuator,
    Zone_2_VAV_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate,  !- Name
    Zone 2 Reheat Air Outlet Node,  !- Actuated Component Unique Name
    System Node Setpoint,    !- Actuated Component Type
    Mass Flow Rate Maximum Available Setpoint;  !- Actuated Component Control Type

EnergyManagementSystem:Actuator,
    Zone_3_VAV_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate,  !- Name
    Zone 3 Reheat Air Outlet Node,  !- Actuated Component Unique Name
    System Node Setpoint,    !- Actuated Component Type
    Mass Flow Rate Maximum Available Setpoint;  !- Actuated Component Control Type

EnergyManagementSystem:ProgramCallingManager,
    EMSPCM_VAV_Max_Flow_Change_Not_Work,  !- Name
    InsideHVACSystemIterationLoop,  !- EnergyPlus Model Calling Point
    EMSP_VAV_Max_Flow_Change_Not_Work;  !- Program Name 1

EnergyManagementSystem:Program,
    EMSP_VAV_Max_Flow_Change_Not_Work,  !- Name
    IF (Hour >= 22) || (Hour <= 5),  !- Program Line 1
    SET Zone_1_VAV_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate = 0.47 * 1.17742603469114 * 0.6,  !- Program Line 2
    SET Zone_2_VAV_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate = 0.36 * 1.17742603469114 * 0.6,  !- A4
    SET Zone_3_VAV_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate = 0.47 * 1.17742603469114 * 0.6,  !- A5
    ENDIF;                   !- A6

I also tried to change the Fan Maximum Mass Flow Rate, but also did not work.

EnergyManagementSystem:InternalVariable,
    Fan_Max_Mass_Flow_Rate ...
(more)
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Asked: 2023-03-29 04:50:02 -0500

Seen: 112 times

Last updated: Apr 02 '23