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How to simulate a variable-speed condenser water pump in EnergyPlus?

asked 2021-05-27 03:32:34 -0500

Souja's avatar

Hi everyone,

I added a variable-speed pump in the condenser loop and changed the "Chiller Flow Mode" to "LeavingSetpointModulated".

However, the water flow rate of the variable-speed pump is constant throughout the year, and of course, the power consumption is almost the same as a constant speed pump.

I found the same situation happened in this post, and it seems unsolved.

Therefore, I was wondering if there is an alternative approach to simulate a variable-speed pump in the condenser loop?

Thank you.

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answered 2021-06-02 21:49:44 -0500

Keigo's avatar

I was also interested in this problem and tried to solve it, but the current EnergyPlus doesn't allow for variable flow of condenser water. Practically, there are two ways to control Condenser Loop: by varying air flow rate of cooling tower fan or by varying water flow rate of condenser pump, and I have actually designed a building with variable condenser loop, but EnergyPlus is only designed to vary fan air flow rate.

Chiller Flow Mode is for chilled water. This flow mode doesn't impact condenser water flow, but it's not a big deal. The fatal problem is that the condenser water flow rate is forced to be constant by Reference Condenser Fluid Flow Rate or Design Condenser Fluid Flow Rate value in any chiller objects. I could not override this condenser water flow rate even with EMS. The problem found in the post two years ago remains unresolved. I hope future updates to EnergyPlus will fix this problem.

However, there is a way to know the flow rate and energy rate of condenser water pump when the flow rate is variable. I have come up with the following approach.

  1. Use CoolingTowr:SingleSpeed, and set Capacity Control to FluidBypass.
  2. Add Cooling Tower Mass Flow Rate, Cooling Tower Bypass Fraction and Pump Electricity Rate in OutputVariable.

Actually, FluidBypass does not save energy at partial load, but the "hypothetical" variable pump flow rate can be manually calculated from hourly output variables. (Capacity Control has only two choices, FanCycling and FluidBypass, which also indicates that EnergyPlus does not assume variable condenser water.)

Variable condenser pump flow rate [kg/s] = Cooling Tower Mass Flow Rate × (1 - Cooling Tower Bypass Fraction)

Variable condenser pump energy rate [W] = Pump Rated Electricity Rate × FractionFullLoadPower

FractionFullLoadPower can be calculated using the following equation in I/O Reference and EngineeringReference. I think the Part Load Ratio is the same as (1 - Cooling Tower Bypass Fraction).

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Strictly speaking, when the condenser pump flow rate is variable (reduced), the pump shaft power transmitted to the condenser water is also reduced. The cooling load is reduced, but the cooling tower fan air flow rate is constant, so the actual variable pump flow rate should be a little less than the manually calculated flow rate.

Here is a reference IDF file (v9.4.0). One thing to add is that the setpoint of condenser water loop should be set at entering or leaving temperature of the condenser water by SetpointManager:Scheduled. Some ExampleFiles use OutdoorAirWetBulb as a setpoint by SetpointManager:FollowOutdoorAirTemperature, but it's not an appropriate setting. Since the condenser water temperature doesn't reach exactly the same value as outdoor air wet bulb temperature, the condenser loop can't meet the setpoint, and the bypass fraction always becomes 0.

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Thank you so much. I really appreciate your answer and hope this problem can be solved soon.

Souja's avatar Souja  ( 2021-06-03 06:48:08 -0500 )edit

@Keigo thanks for the comprehensive explanation. Meanwhile, do you know how the Reference Condenser Fluid Flow Rate is formulated as autosize for a waterCooled condenser? We know if it's an air-flow condenser, we could use the following equation for air flow rate: 0.000114 m3/s/W * chiller Reference Capacity. What about the fluid flow rate for a water cooled condenser? Thanks!

Mohammad's avatar Mohammad  ( 2021-11-17 13:26:13 -0500 )edit

@Mohammad, I'm sorry, I had missed your comment. For water cooled chiller, condenser water flow rate depends on the specification of cooling tower that is connected to the chiller. Please refer to 10.7.24 Cooling Tower Sizing in Engineering Reference. The section number is for EnergyPlus Version 9.6.0 Engineering Reference. 10.7.24.1 Design Water Flow Rate shows equations for condenser water flow rate.

Keigo's avatar Keigo  ( 2022-03-14 09:11:44 -0500 )edit

@Keigo Thank you so much for referring me to that document. Meantime, I was wondering if you could please help me with another related question posted here: https://unmethours.com/question/70515... Thank you so much in advance!

Mohammad's avatar Mohammad  ( 2022-03-14 11:48:09 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2021-05-27 03:32:34 -0500

Seen: 190 times

Last updated: Jun 03 '21