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Server Rack Cabinet Load Definition in OpenStudio

asked 2020-12-17 21:40:54 -0600

tri.ton99 gravatar image

updated 2020-12-18 12:43:24 -0600

Hello all,

I'm doing simulation about Datacenter in my country. I have a problem about where I can define the load of Server Rack Cabinet in IT Room (approximately 3kWh each rack, IT Room has 100 racks).

I have tried to define that in Loads Tab (Electric Equipment Definitions) by using the load and IT Area (about 1849 square feet) so I input 2000W/square meter. The simulation run did not work and the errors said that IT have too much heat. Therefore, I think I should define that in another tab.

Somebody can help me with above problem or tell me where I can find answer.

Thank you all.

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answered 2020-12-18 09:48:45 -0600

In OpenStudio, the Loads tab is where you set inputs for various internal load definitions (people, lights, etc.). For server racks in an IT room, that would be defined as electric equipment. The electric equipment definition asks for the MAXIMUM electricity use of the equipment, either as a $W$, $W/area$, or $W/person$. You mention that each rack uses 3 $kWh$ of energy, so you need to convert that to a maximum power input (maybe that is energy use each day?).

The other inputs of the electric equipment definition are heat loss fractions -- how the electricity used by the server racks is converted to heat gains within the IT room. For server racks, these should likely be zero for latent and lost fractions -- it's up to you what the radiant/convective heat loss fraction split should be.

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Another aspect is the fractional schedule that modifies how much electricity the server racks use over the course of the simulation. This schedule is combined with the electric equipment definition as inputs for the space type in OpenStudio.

The severe error stopping the simulation occurs because there is too much heat being added to the IT room by the server racks -- the IT room's cooling system can't maintain proper air temperatures in the room.

You may be interested in reading a paper discussing prototype energy models for data centers. The authors used the Air-Cooled IT Electric Equipment object of EnergyPlus to model server racks instead of the "standard" electric equipment object.

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Hi Aaron. Thank for your detailed and useful answer. I am checking the paper and fixed our cooling system now. I will show the results if we have something new.

tri.ton99 gravatar image tri.ton99  ( 2020-12-21 21:27:45 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2020-12-17 21:40:54 -0600

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Last updated: Dec 28 '20