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shadow surface with textile

asked 2020-03-02 10:44:30 -0500

NCB gravatar image

updated 2020-03-02 12:20:47 -0500

Hello! I'm trying to analyze the thermal impact of an open space with a roof of textile material. If is analysed it with a shadow surface until now i found that is impossible to know the space temperature, as well as assigning thermal material properties. Otherwise, if i create an space (and thermal zone) with air walls, i don't know how define different transmittance to the roof surface. Anyone can help me, how could be the best way to analyse the thermal impact of a terrace with textile roof? I'm working with EnergyPlus and OpenStudio. Please...

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answered 2020-03-02 12:50:24 -0500

Instead of creating a space and zone for the open terrace, I would recommend using the outside face surface temperature output variable of the roof surface to analyze the impact of the textile shade above the open terrace. If you did want to know the space temperature for the open terrace, I would recommend that you model each "air wall" in contact with outdoor air as a wall with 99.99% of its area as a poor window. There are a few reasons for this:

  • The Air Wall Material in OpenStudio (screenshot below) is actually modeled as an opaque layer for energy analysis in EnergyPlus. This is used as a flag for surfaces that should be transparent when OpenStudio is used for daylighting analysis with Radiance. image description

  • The new air boundary construction feature of EnergyPlus v9.2 (available in OpenStudio v2.9) is only meant to be used for interior surfaces separating zones. You'll actually get a severe error stopping the simulation if you try to assign this to a surface touching outdoor air.

  • Windows cannot take up the entire area of the wall it sits inside of (hence, 99.99% area).
  • A poor window (high U-value, high transmittance) will allow light/radiation to enter the open terrace. You can also set higher infiltration rates passing through this window surface to represent the non-existent walls of the open terrace.

To account for the textile aspect of the shading surface, you should define a Material layer that matches the specific heat, density, and other heat transfer properties of the textile, and also define a Schedule that sets the transmittance value for light/radiation passing through the textile. Assign the material layer to a Construction, then assign the construction and schedule to the shading surface in the Shading sub-tab of the Spaces model data tab. This model data tab is near the middle of the left edge of OpenStudio (see below).

image description

You can refer to this post for more information about assigning transmittance schedules to shading surfaces.

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Thank you for your quick response. _ I would like to analize the indoor temperature to know how near is from outside temperature, for been more precise. If I assume the glass walls, wouldn't I be generating the greenhouse effect within the space? _ thank you for the image, in this way is very easy to understand! but, i a put the shadow surface in the space, this mean that the shadowing will no affect others spaces? My terrace cover 6 spaces...

NCB gravatar image NCB  ( 2020-03-02 13:14:03 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2020-03-02 10:44:30 -0500

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Last updated: Mar 02 '20