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When do you actually need a bypass pipe?

asked 2019-02-07 18:57:50 -0500

mldichter's avatar

updated 2019-02-07 20:56:18 -0500

Specifically I'm looking at two of the example files
which do and do not use a bypass pipe on the plant side of the loop, respectively.

IceStorage-Series-ChillerUpstream.idf is connected as
pump -> chiller -> ice tank

5ZoneDetailedIceStorageSimpleCtrl.idf is connected as
pump -> splitter -> chiller and bypass pipe -> mixer -> ice tank

Intuitively I understand what the bypass pipe does, use the extra flow supplied by the pump that the other components in the splitter mixer do not use, but do you always need the bypass pipe? And how do you know when?

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answered 2019-03-05 16:55:40 -0500

A bypass pipe is not required as long at the pump flow is variable or the parallel components can take all of the pump output. When in doubt, include the bypass pipe. If it's not needed, it will never have flow.

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And note that the ice storage units have a built-in bypass to regulate how much flow goes through the ice coils.

MJWitte's avatar MJWitte  ( 2019-03-05 16:58:28 -0500 )edit

@MJWitte I'm automating generation of building models, and one of the automations adds in a tempering valve, which means I can't have a bypass on all my supply side components because I have used up the splitter mixer for the plant side of the loop on the tempering valve.

Are there any objects that are restricted to 0 flow when off? Is energyplus good at generating an error when flow exceeds a components capability?

I can't look at all the automatically generated models and warnings, but a fatal error would let me know there's a problem.

mldichter's avatar mldichter  ( 2019-03-05 17:10:04 -0500 )edit

I don't understand the question here. Most (maybe all?) plant components will allow flow to pass through when they are off without any error. If there is a flow imbalance in the plant loop, this will generate a fatal error.

MJWitte's avatar MJWitte  ( 2019-04-19 10:56:38 -0500 )edit

@MJWitte Okay. That answers my question. In general, plant components like chillers, boilers, hot water heaters, etc. allow flow whether or not the component is on or off. And if flow exceeds the maximum flow of the component, then a fatal error is generated, which will be easy to spot in an automated group of simulations.

mldichter's avatar mldichter  ( 2019-04-19 11:03:18 -0500 )edit

I would be sure to test that by creating a model you expect to fail.

MJWitte's avatar MJWitte  ( 2019-04-19 11:06:51 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2019-02-07 18:57:50 -0500

Seen: 453 times

Last updated: Mar 05 '19