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Can you explain to me "fixed USD/month" and "marginal USD/kWh"? Where I can enter the cost of 1 kWh of electricity?

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If you use 1000 kWhs in a month and your utility bill is 100 USD, then your average electricity rate is 100/1000 = 10 cents/kWh. If your bill contains a monthly fixed charge of 20 USD that is independent of how much electricity you consumed, then the marginal electricity rate is (100 - 20)/1000 = 8 cents/kWh.

If you simply used the average electricity rate of 10 cents/kWh in a tool like BEopt, you'd get incorrect results. For example, for a month with 2000 kWhs consumption, it’d incorrectly calculate a utility bill of 2000 * 0.10 = 200 USD using the average rate when it is instead 20 + 2000 * 0.08 = 180 USD. In other words, it’s important to calculate utility bills using fixed charges and marginal electricity rates, not average electricity rates.

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